Keragaman Serangga Nokturnal dan Peranannya terhadap Agroekosistem di Kota Tasikmalaya

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36423/agroscript.v2i2.585

Abstract

Keragaman serangga dinilai dapat memberikan kontribusi terhadap kehidupan manusia, termasuk peranan serangga dalam suatu agroekosistem. Serangga memiliki berbagai peranan dalam agroekosistem meliputi serangga hama, polinator, predator, parasitoid, dan dekomposer. Monitoring serangga merupakan langkah awal yang dapat dilaksanakan guna mengetahui keragaman dan keberadaan serangga dalam suatu agroekosistem. Informasi mengenai keragaman serangga serta peranannya terhadap agroekosistem di kota Tasikmalaya masih sangat terbatas sehingga dirasa perlu untuk melaksanakan monitoring keragaman serangga. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan pemasangan light trap pada 6 kecamatan berbeda di kota Tasikmalaya yaitu kecamatan Cihideung, Mangkubumi, Tawang, Tamansari, Kawalu, dan Cibeureum selama tiga hari. Serangga yang terperangkap kemudian diidentifikasi dan ditentukan peranannya terhadap agroekosistem. Berdasarkan hasil pemasangan perangkap dan identifikasi, didapatkan 15 spesies serangga berbeda. Sembilan spesies berperan sebagai hama: Drosophila spp., Oryctes rhinoceros, Lepidioma stigma, Leptocorisa acuta, Acanthocephala spp., Scirpophaga innotata, Helicoperva armigera, Spodoptera frugiperda, dan Spodoptera litura. Tiga spesies sebagai polinator: Anopheles spp., Musca domestica, dan Camponotus pennsylvanicus. Dua spesies sebagai predator: Paederus fuscipes dan Ortethrum sabina. Satu spesies sebagai dekomposer: Coptotermes curvignathus.

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Ramadhan, R. A. M., Mirantika, D., & Septria, D. (2020). Keragaman Serangga Nokturnal dan Peranannya terhadap Agroekosistem di Kota Tasikmalaya. AGROSCRIPT: Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences, 2(2), 114–125. https://doi.org/10.36423/agroscript.v2i2.585

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